In summary, AfCFTA offers Uganda and other African countries the opportunity to increase their trade opportunities. In order to maximise the benefits of AfCFTA, Uganda should therefore look within promising opportunities in the country and support sectors that can be negotiated under afCFTA. These interactions allow policy makers to better understand the sectors that will benefit more from the regional bloc. The implementation phase of the Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is expected to begin in less than three months. While the COVID 19 crisis has undoubtedly complicated the situation, the East African region is indeed well placed to implement the AfCFTA. Despite the skepticism expressed by some quarters about the ability of countries to launch the pioneering trade agreement, there is good reason to be optimistic. In March 2018, three separate agreements were signed at the 10th African Union extraordinary meeting on AfCFTA: the African Continental Free Trade Agreement, the Kigali Declaration; and the protocol on the free movement of people. The Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons aims to create a visa-free zone within AfCFTA countries and to support the creation of the African Union passport.  At the Kigali Summit on 21 March 2018, 44 countries signed the AfCFTA, 47 signed the Kigali Declaration and 30 signed the protocol on the free movement of persons. Although a success, there were two remarkable holdouts: Nigeria and South Africa, the two largest economies in Africa.    The benefits to African countries expect them to arrive; Increase the market for agricultural and manufactured products and achieve economies of scale, increase competitiveness that could improve business efficiency, access to more jobs by reducing barriers to trade in goods and services, and transfer technology through ongoing trade actions.
It goes without saying that East Africa will continue to face a number of challenges, including one shared by all countries on the continent: the need to quickly finalize tariff offers and ongoing negotiations on rules of origin, as well as timetables for the provision of services.