The Swedish Confederation of Industrial Employers is bound by thirteen collective agreements. Seven of them are workers` contracts. The workers` union Industrifacket Metall is a counterpart in five agreements, Pappers (the Swedish union of paper workers), GS (the Swedish Union of Forestry, Wood and Graphics Workers) in one and SEKO (The Union of Service and Communication Employees) in two. The Swedish Confederation of Industrial Employers is also bound by four collective agreements for employees. The counterparts to this agreement are the employee unions Ledarna (the Swedish Management Organisation), Unionen and Sveriges Ingenjörer (Swedish Federation of Graduate Engineers). In addition, the Swedish Industrial Employers` Association is bound by a collective agreement which includes both counterparties and employees in the same agreement with Pappers (the Swedish Paper Workers` Union) as a fellow worker. As a sending employer, you can sign collective agreements with a Swedish workers` representation or become a member of a Swedish employers` representation and thus be bound by a Swedish collective agreement. Workers` representatives have the right to take trade union measures to encourage employers to sign collective agreements. One of the most important tasks of the Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers is to lay the foundations for a safe good working life by negotiating collective agreements.
These agreements address issues such as working conditions, parental leave and occupational pension schemes. National agreements on wages and general conditions of employment are mainly negotiated centrally in Sweden. There are more than 100 national organizations – about sixty trade unions and about fifty employers` organizations – which work each year to deal with more than 650 collective agreements affecting more than 3.5 million workers. During the term of the contract, both parties are obliged to ensure the peaceful maintenance of employment relations. In international comparison, the Swedish labour market has been the subject of only a few disputes in the past, both over proposed and effective labour dispute measures and lost working days. State mediation in labour disputes has been provided for by law since 1906. But in 1980, two of the country`s main social partners were involved in a lockout and strike situation. Subsequently, considerable efforts were made to avoid a similar situation and, in 2000, a central governmental authority, the National Mediation Office (NMO), was established. It is under the supervision of the Ministry of Labour.
The NGO has three main tasks: placement in labour dispute; monitoring the production of official wage statistics and promoting an effective wage negotiation process. . . . . .